Ops word-hoard: What are ITOps, CloudOps, DevOps, and NoOps? Part 1
In the last decade, different terms related to operations have taken the IT world by storm. The good old days — when the number of IT domains could be counted on the fingers of one hand and the IT department was separate from business processes — are gone, never to return.
Instead of simple rules, we have dozens of buzzwords that lead to growing confusion and frustration among managers, directors, and CTOs. For example, who are NoOps and MLOps specialists, and what do they do? Moreover, people misuse the Ops terms without understanding them, leading to even more confusion and frustration.
This Ops thesaurus aims to help you know the trendy terminology around IT operations, evaluate your business needs, and make better decisions.
With so many IT terms being tossed around, it’s essential to define them before you can decide what comes next for you and your business. So we’ll focus on the prominent ones to clarify the crucial things about CloudOps, DevOps, ITOps, DevSecOps, FinOps, NoOps, MLOps, and AIOps. While we can’t promise to transform you into an IT expert, you’ll find something interesting here.
What is ITOps?
“ITOps,” or “Information Technology Operations,” isn’t new. However, it’s commonly used to refer to all IT-related operations broadly. ITOps is responsible for leveraging technologies and delivering and supporting applications, services, and tools required to run an organization.
The goals of ITOps typically include:
Infrastructure Management — to focus on the setup, provisioning, maintenance, and updating of all the hardware and software in the company to be sure that existing infrastructure and systems run smoothly and new components are incorporated harmoniously;
Development Management — to concentrate on providing software development teams with all necessary to succeed, including the preparation of the guidelines, workflows, and security standards;
Security Management — to keep the hardware and software secure, manage access control, adopt security best practices and ensure that all processes and the components of the environment comply with security standards;
Problem Management — to handle outages and cyberattacks, prepare disaster recovery plans and perform them when necessary, and help desk services.
To summarize, ITOps can be explained as a set of practices implemented by the IT department to perform IT management in the most general sense. And this is precisely why ITOps could be criticized and is considered outdated. While very specific, they are sometimes ineffective from a development point of view as they can’t meet the pace of today’s business and quickly adjust to the constantly changing technological landscape.
What is CloudOps?
CloudOps can be explained similarly to ITOps but considering the cloud. While ITOps is meant for traditional data centers, CloudOps relates only to the cloud.
According to Gartner, end-user spending on public cloud services is expected to grow 20.4% and reach $494.7 billion in 2022. With increasing cloud adoption, CloudOps grew in popularity as well. Nowadays, many organizations need to organize and optimize their resources more productively, using public and private cloud solutions and leveraging hybrid clouds. CloudOps differs from ITOps as applications and data management in the cloud require more specific up-to-date skills, tools, and technologies. CloudOps is focused on:
cloud-specific flexible provisioning;
scalability of environments;
built-in task automation;
eliminating service outages for seamless operation.
As a set of best practices and procedures, CloudOps helps migrate systems to the cloud successfully and reap its benefits, such as power and scalability. CloudOps facilitates automatic software delivery, app, and server management using the cloud.
What is DevOps?
A survey conducted by the DevOps Institute on upskilling the DevOps enterprise skills in 2021 concluded that DevOps teams are vital for a successful software-powered organization, but what is DevOps? By definition, ‘DevOps’ (‘Development + Operations’) can be explained as a combination of software application development and IT operations, with all the best practices, approaches, and methodologies to bolster them.
The DevOps practices are intended to:
implement an effective CI/CD pipeline;
streamline the software development life cycle (SDLC);
enhance the response to market needs;
shorten the mean time to repair;
improve release quality;
reduce the time to market (TTM).
With DevOps, organizations follow a continuous work cycle consisting of the following steps:
DevOps highlights the value of people and a change in the IT culture, which focuses on the fast provision of IT services, implementing Agile and Lean practices in the context of a system‑oriented approach.
What is NoOps?
By definition, NoOps (No Operations) aims to completely automate the deployment, monitoring, and management of the applications and infrastructure to focus on software development. The NoOps model reduces the need for interaction between developers and operations through extreme automation. The two main factors behind the NoOps concept are the increasing automation of IT and cloud computing. With NoOps, everything that could be automated is already automated. One example of this is serverless computing in the cloud platform.
The aim of the NoOps model is to:
allow organizations to leverage the full power of the cloud, including CaaS (Container as a Service) and FaaS (Function as a Service);
eliminate the additional labor required to support systems, letting to save money on maintenance;
concentrate on business results by turning attention to tasks that deliver value to customers and eliminating the dependency on the operations team.
With all the potential benefits, NoOps is still considered a theoretical approach by many, as it assumes particular circumstances and the use of serverless computing in most cases. After all, it can be said that NoOps isn’t going to replace, for example, DevOps, but rather to act as a model, with the potential, where possible, of further improving and streamlining the application implementation process.
To summarize, let’s look at the models discussed below.
To be continued
ITOps, DevOps, CloudOps, and NoOps describe different approaches to meet an organization’s IT needs and structuring IT teams. Each has additional features and goals, and enterprises can adopt them depending on their priorities. In the following parts of our vocabulary, we’ll explore the most exciting Ops terms — DevSecOps, MLOps, AIOps, FinOps, and try to take a closer look at how they relate to each other. Stay tuned!
10+ Jan 2022 DevOps news, updates & tips people cannot ignore!
DevOps has taken the world by storm, with more and more top companies using the methodology to ensure faster deployment and significantly improve product quality. DevOps practices keep evolving, so it’s important to be familiar with everything that happens in the world of DevOps. To ease your life, Profisea’s experts have prepared a new selection of the trending DevOps news to share with everyone who loves DevOps and works on DevOps projects. In this digest, you’ll find interesting news, updates, and articles for the DevOps & CloudOps community. Get ready for a new slice of DevOps stuff and continue reading to learn something new and useful today.
1. Google acquires Siemplify
At the beginning of January, Google announced the acquisition of Siemplify, a well-known security orchestration, automation, and response provider. It isn’t a big surprise as Siemplify seems to be a great addition to the Chronicle platform to help companies improve their threat responsе. According to Google, mixing a reliable SOAR capability with Chronicle’s cutting-edge approach is an important step forward in their vision in the security area. Amos Stern, CEO at Siemplify says: “Together with Chronicle’s rich security analytics and threat intelligence, we can truly help security professionals transform the security operations center to defend against today’s threats.” For more details, read the Google Cloud blog and Siemplify CEO Amos Stern’s blog.
2. Instance Tags on the Amazon EC2 Instance Metadata Service
An exciting update for Amazon customers! Now, instance tags are available on the EC2 Instance Metadata Service. Tags are really useful as they allow users to arrange the AWS resources in different ways (by owner, environment, or purpose). Previously, the instance tags were available by utilizing the describe-tags API or from the console, but now there is no need to use the DescribeInstance or DescribeTag API calls to get tag information as they can be accessed from the instance metadata. The feature is available in all commercial zones. To get started and learn more, check the EC2 user guide.
3. Let’s play with DNS
If you want to learn more about DNS or just to see how it works, here is a new tool, created by Julia Evans. She has built a site, called Mess With DNS where everyone can do experiments with DNS. The project is aimed to explain DNS in practice as Julia believes that the best way to learn about something is to play around and experiment. The site includes ready-made experiments you can try, or you can easily create your own experiments. Mess With DNS allows you to use a real subdomain and see a live stream of all DNS queries coming in for records on it (a “behind the scenes” view). This helps to understand how things work in DNS better. There are three types of experiments you can try here: “weird” experiments, “useful” experiments, and “tutorial” experiments. “Weird” experiments help to see what will happen when something goes wrong. You can make mistakes and break rules, then see how they play out with no consequences. The “tutorial” experiments will show you how to set some basic DNS records and can be helpful if you are new to DNS or just want to see how the site works. The“useful” experiments show realistic DNS tasks (for example, setting up a website or email). For more details, read Julia Evans’ blog post.
4. Metrics now available for AWS PrivateLink
A bunch of news metrics is available while using AWS PrivateLink for VPC Endpoints and VPC Endpoint Services. AWS PrivateLink is a networking component offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS) that simplifies and secures connectivity between Amazon Virtual Private Clouds (VPCs), other services hosted on AWS, and on-premises applications.
For PrivateLink Endpoint owners, this means metrics to:
track traffic volume and number of connections through the endpoints
monitor packet drops
view connection resets (RSTs) by the service
Endpoint Service owners can:
keep an eye on the number of bytes, connections, and resets (RSTs) for the Endpoint Service
track the total number of endpoints connected to their service
view metrics per connected-endpoint
Metrics are published at 1-minute intervals for all PrivateLink-based Endpoints and Endpoint Services and are available without any extra charges. Read the AWS blog post to learn more.
5. GitLab 14.7 released!
GitLab 14.7 was released on January 22, which means that more useful features are available. The new release comes with 25+ updates to make the experience with GitLab even better. Among key improvements are:
GitLab Runner compliance with FIPS 140-2
Streaming audit events
Group access tokens
The ability to delete labels in the Edit Label page
GitLab UI identifies to administrators that a user is locked
LDAP failover support
Bulk delete artifacts with the API
Runner status badges in Admin view
Major Gitleaks performance improvements
Backup and restore supports Terraform state files
Go to the GitLab blog to read more about the release, check the whole list of updates.
6. Roblox’s postmortem on October‘s 73-hour outage
If you missed Roblox’s postmortem on October‘s 73-hour outage, you can read it here. Even though the outage happened in October 2021, a detailed description of the case was published in January 2022. Roblox released a comprehensive overview of what happened and what chain of events led to the issues. The company also explained how they addressed the problem and what they are doing to prevent similar issues from happening in the future. Moreover, some improvements have already been made to improve reliability. For more details, visit the Roblox blog.
7. RedHat is introducing MicroShift
RedHat presented MicroShift, their own Kubernetes distribution designed for edge devices. This is a project RedHat is currently working on. The aim of the project is to tailor OpenShift for field-deployed edge computing devices, providing workload portability and consistent management experience. How does it work? MicroShift repackages OpenShift core components into a single light-weighted binary (160MB executable, with no compression or optimization. As a monolith, it offers an “all-or-nothing” start/stop behavior that works with systemd and allows fast (re)start times of several seconds. If you want to know more, watch the end-to-end provisioning demo video and read the Red Hat blog.
8. Google ends the G Suite legacy free edition
Google will completely shut down its G Suite legacy free edition that was introduced in 2006 after stopping new users from signing up for it in December 2012. According to the company, the free tier no longer will be available starting July 1, and current users must switch to paid subscriptions for the newer Google Workspace by May 1 to use their accounts and services. Google adds that it will automatically pick a subscription plan for those who don’t select one by the start of May, analyzing the current usage patterns when making the decision. The accounts that won’t fill in their billing information by July 1st will be suspended. Check the information from Google Workspace Admin Help for more details.
9. Amazon EMR on EKS releases Custom Image ValidationTool
Amazon EMR on EKS created a Custom Image Validation Tool that gives users an opportunity to run an automated set of tests to validate their customized docker container image. With EMR on EKS, users can create their own images that consist of specific packages, and libraries that are not available by default. And custom image support allows creating a self-contained docker image with the application and its dependencies for each use-case. The Custom Image Validation Tool can be downloaded from the AWS Labs repository on GitHub. To delve deeper into customizing images in EMR on EKS, check the documentation and blog.
10. Cloud adoption remains the top priority
A recent survey of 1,600 enterprise IT decision-makers from Aryaka demonstrated that 51% of respondents are planning to reduce their use of legacy data centers within the next 2 years as they move to the cloud. The report also delivers a lot of valuable insights on workplaces, cloud adoption, and several other areas, in the context of digital transformation accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic. When it comes to network and security, the newest trends include the Secure Access Service Edge (SASE), with 64% using or planning to use it over the next year. For more interesting findings, download the full report.
11. Open Policy Agent (OPA) for better Policy as Code
Open Policy Agent (OPA) is a dynamic framework with multiple implementations in various systems, for example, Gatekeeper for Kubernetes.OPA provides a high-level declarative language that allows users to specify policy as code and APIs to offload policy decision-making from your software. At the same time, OPA can be used in various ways, including unit tests. OPA provides an amazing platform to create complex policies to detect many issues such as anomalies, misconfigurations, or poor practices. Here is an interesting article with real-world examples of parsing and extracting relevant datasets with and without OPA.
Wrapping things up
Profisea’s experts constantly collect the most interesting DevOps and Cloud news to share with you. Tell us what you want to see in our next digest and what topics we need to cover. Our team is busy preparing a new portion of valuable stuff for you. And if you are planning to move to the Cloud, are going to implement DevOps, or just want to learn more about DevSecOps, feel free to contact us. We are here to help you achieve your business goals with the best DevOps and Cloud practices in your hands.
Do you want to know what’s happening in the world of DevOps? In case you missed something, Profisea’s experts have prepared a new selection of the trending DevOps news to share with everyone who loves DevOps and works on DevOps projects. Ready for a new portion of the DevOps-worthy November-December stuff? Follow us then!
1. Announcing Grafana OnCall
Grafana Labs is happy to announce Grafana OnCall, an easy, user-friendly, and flexible on-call management tool available to all Grafana Cloud users. Being a result of the recent Grafana Lab’s acquisition of Amixr, Grafana OnCall is built to improve on-call management with convenient workflows and interfaces adjusted for devs. The tool offers a wide array of cool features to help eliminate toil in on-call management.
With Grafana OnCall, DevOps and SRE teams get:
easy management of on-call schedules
automatic escalations with flexible routing to ensure outages are addressed
a display of all incidents within Grafana Cloud
automatic grouping of alerts in Slack to avoid alert storms
integrations with a large variety of monitoring systems including Datadog, New Relic, and AWS SNS
At Ignite 2021, Microsoft showcased Azure Chaos Studio in public preview. Azure Chaos Studio is an experimental platform that is designed to improve applications’ resilience to disruptions. The service allows users to practice chaos engineering, a method of experimenting with controlled fault injection against applications to help estimate, understand and strengthen resilience against real-life incidents. Actually, chaos engineering has become one of the top trends in DevOps, and a common way to examine complex systems and applications. According to Gartner, 40% of organizations will adopt chaos engineering approaches as part of DevOps initiatives by 2023, decreasing unplanned downtime by 20%.
With the help of Azure Chaos Studio, users can effectively identify and mitigate potential gaps before the application is impacted by a real issue. Azure Chaos Studio is now free, and from April 4th, 2022, users will be pay-as-you-go based on experiment execution. Further details can be found on the Azure portal.
3. Google Cloud announces new regions
2021 was a busy year for big cloud providers, with AWS, Azure, and Google expanding their infrastructure all over the globe. With 29 cloud regions and 88 zones already available, Google Cloud announced a new set of cloud regions in the coming months and years. These new regions, all with three availability zones, will be in Germany, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Chili. More cloud regions are coming to the US as well.
In 2021, Google opened new regions in Warsaw (Poland), Delhi NCR (India), Melbourne (Australia), and Toronto (Canada), making their cloud infrastructure closer to more customers across multiple countries.
4. Announcing Knative 1.1
In the middle of December, the Knative project hit a paramount milestone with the release of version 1.0 and then version 1.1. Initiated by Google back in 2018, the Knative project includes collaborations from VMWare, IBM, Red Hat, and SAP. Since its successful start, Knative has become one of the top installable serverless solutions. Knative offers several infrastructure and developer-centric features to simplify the Kubernetes experience and free time and resources for more important tasks.
What’s new? Actually, there have been many changes since the initial release of Knative. Along with fixing bugs and improving performance and stability, additional efficiencies were incorporated.
Here are some of the highlights:
support for multiple HTTP routing layers (Istio, Ambassador, Contour, and Kourier are included)
support for multiple storage layers for Eventing concepts with popular Subscription methods (RabbitMQ, Kafka, and GCP PubSub)
a “duck type” abstraction to process arbitrary Kubernetes resources
a command-line client that allows supporting extra feature plugins
support for HTTP/2, gRPC, and WebSockets
support for horizontal pod autoscaling based on concurrency or RPS
support for injecting event destination addresses into PodTemplateSpec shaped objects
and many others.
Read more about Knative 1.1 on the site and check the project documentation for technical info.
5. Gartner says 85% of organizations will be “cloud-first” by 2025
The cloud is going to be the core of a new reality, says Gartner. The analysts estimate that over 85% of organizations will develop a cloud-first strategy by 2025, and more than 95% of new digital workloads will be deployed on cloud-native platforms, up from 30% in 2021. Milind Govekar, distinguished vice president at Gartner, says: “Adopting cloud-native platforms means that digital or product teams will use architectural principles and capabilities to take advantage of the inherent capabilities within the cloud environment. New workloads deployed in a cloud-native environment will be pervasive, not just popular and anything noncloud will be considered legacy.” In other words, cloud technologies are expected to rise rapidly and they will be the first business priority for the next few years. If you are using cloud infrastructure or just taking your first steps in cloud computing, consult us to implement CloudOps best practices for your organization.
6. Book recommendations by Gergely Orosz
Reading good books is still an excellent way for IT specialists to learn something new as books accumulate knowledge and, with the right approach, can help anyone move up as professionals. Gergely Orosz, an author of The Pragmatic Engineer Blog, asked on Twitter about the best books his followers have read as engineering managers or software engineers in 2021. He collected the most-mentioned books and added stars for titles that are also his choice.
Among his recommendations are:
An Elegant Puzzle by Will Larson
Become an Effective Software Engineering Manager by James Stanier
Team Topologies by Matthew Skelton and Manuel Pais
Accelerate by Nicole Forsgren, Jez Humble, and Gene Kim
The Phoenix Project & The Unicorn Project by Gene Kim
Staff Engineer by Will Larson
Designing Data Intensive Applications by Martin Kleppmann
Working in Public: The Making and Maintenance of Open Source Software by Nadia Eghbal
Empowered by Marty Cagan
Building Mobile Apps at Scale: 39 Engineering Challenges by Gergely Orosz
To view the full list, visit the post on The Pragmatic Engineer blog. Although the article includes holiday book recommendations, these books would be useful at any time of the year.
7. A critical vulnerability in Grafana is disclosed
On December 7, 2021, open-source analytics and monitoring solution Grafana issued an emergency update to fix a critical zero-day vulnerability that opened access to restricted files on the server. The vulnerability, marked as CVE-2021-43798, affected the Grafana Labs’ core product, the Grafana dashboard, widely used by companies from all over the world to observe and collect logs and other parameters from across their local or remote networks. The solution helps users to better monitor and understand their data through clear visualizations, queries, and alerts.
The vulnerability put at risk data that potential attackers could use in subsequent attacks — files storing passwords and configuration settings. All Grafana self-hosted servers using 8.x versions were supposed to be vulnerable. At the same time, Grafana Cloud instances have not been affected. The problem was fixed with the release of Grafana 8.3.1, 8.2.7, 8.1.8, and 8.0.7. For more technical details, read the post in the Grafana blog.
8. Introducing Prometheus Agent Mode
Since its creation in 2012, Prometheus has changed a lot, offering more and more innovative opportunities for its users, and providing them reliable, inexpensive, and accurate metric-based monitoring. In November 2021, they announced Prometheus Agent Mode, an effective and cloud-powered way to metric forwarding that became a part of Prometheus version 2.32. The specialized mode can disable some of the project’s features and let Prometheus operate as a remote write-only scraper and forwarder. The new way of working comes with new workflows: low-resources environments, IoT, and edge networks. It utilizes fewer resources and is able to efficiently forward data to centralized remote endpoints. Along with the Agent Mode, a number of other improvements were made: they fixed TSDB bugs and added arm64 support for Windows.
9. AWS announces the further expansion of Local Zones
Great news for AWS users! The company announced the launch of more than 30 new AWS Local Zones in big cities around the world to enhance their global infrastructure. They will be available starting in 2022 in over 21 countries, including Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, India, Kenya, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, and South Africa.
AWS Local Zones are a type of AWS infrastructure deployment that makes compute, storage, database, and other useful services available to organizations and individuals, enabling them to deliver applications that require single-digit millisecond latency to end-users. For more details about new AWS Local Zones, visit the AWS site.
10. CISA, FBI, and NSA release joint advisory for Log4j vulnerabilities
The most respectable and well-known cybersecurity agencies from Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America issued a joint advisory to address numerous vulnerabilities in Apache’s Log4j library. “Sophisticated cyber threat actors are actively scanning networks to potentially exploit Log4Shell, CVE-2021-45046, and CVE-2021-45105 in vulnerable systems. These vulnerabilities are likely to be exploited over an extended period,” the agencies said in their statement. In the new guidance, you can find detailed instructions on mitigating Log4Shell and other Log4j-connected vulnerabilities. CISA has also issued a special scanner tool to detect systems that are vulnerable to Log4Shell, in addition to the utility created by CERT/CC.
Obviously, the Apache Software Foundation didn’t stay aside. ASF released a series of patches to fix Log4j vulnerabilities. The most recent security flaws have been addressed in Apache Log4j 2.16.0, issued on 13 December 2021.
11. PagerDuty releases a new version of its PagerDuty Operations Cloud
In this last release in 2021, PagerDuty introduced several improvements, as part of the PagerDuty Operations Cloud, to enable organizations to automate incident response in the most efficient ways and speed up getting critical work done. Some helpful features were introduced to connect and automate the processes, along with delivering flexibility. Dynamic Service Graph helps users to identify, map, and visualize various service dependencies to ensure the health of their ecosystems. Rundeck Cloud allows automation engineers and operations specialists to upgrade their workflows by using real-time standardized automated actions during dealing with incidents. Now, engineers can create self-service automated scenarios without the need to deploy or administer a Rundeck cluster. Read PagerDuty’s blog article to learn more about the latest innovations. If you are looking for any cloud services, our experienced cloud experts are here to help. We know how to maximize the scalability and reliability of your cloud infrastructure, and create an optimized automated multi-cloud environment with any cloud vendor of your choice, so contact us to discuss any cloud issues.
12. Integrating Regula with Scalr
Among other useful updates and tricks, here is a repository created by Aidan O’Connor and Curtis Myzie from Fugue to integrate open source Regula for IaC scanning with Scalr’s custom hooks feature. The goal of the integration is to combine Regula’s IaC scanning capabilities and Scalr’s features, and as a result, to automate the secure deployment of cloud infrastructure with Terraform. The solution allows Regula and Scalr to work together to prevent misconfigured infrastructure from being deployed to the cloud, building an effective deployment pipeline. For more details, check the GitHub repository.
13. The test to evaluate engineering culture
The demand for software engineers is constantly increasing without showing any signs of stopping. The rate of software development employment is expected to grow 21% by 2030, which is much faster than average. Software engineers aren’t looking for jobs now, instead, companies compete to hire them. And here is where company culture comes into play. To attract the best engineer talent, companies need to create a unique and strong engineering culture, which is a central pillar of product innovation and career development. But how can candidates evaluate a prospective employer to decide that it’s a match?
Gergely Orosz, an author of The Pragmatic Engineer Blog, has created a test to assess the engineering culture in a team. This test includes 12 questions, which a candidate can ask during the interviewing process. Software engineers who aren’t looking for new job opportunities can evaluate their current companies as well! You can find the test here, plus Gergely Orosz has already shared the results based on 200 submissions, so don’t miss the opportunity to check what companies are the best.
Profisea’s team carefully collects the latest updates and the most interesting news to be sure you follow up on all that is happening in the world of DevOps. Tell us what you want to see in our next digest and what topics we need to cover. Our experts are busy preparing a new portion of valuable stuff for you. And if you want to build your winning DevOps strategy, need DevOps as a service, or have any DevOps-related or Cloud-related issues, feel free to contact us for consultation.
Don’t make these DevOps mistakes and build your winning DevOps strategy!
Avoid these mistakes during DevOps implementation to save your time, money and boost your business.
From startups to giant corporations, DevOps has become an essential part of software development almost everywhere. According to the 2021 State of DevOps Report by Puppet, 83 percent of IT decision-makers say their organizations are adopting DevOps practices to boost business value through better quality software, better delivery times, more secure systems, and the codification of principles. However, within that 83 percent, not every company could declare full success in applying DevOps principles. Cultural blockers, DevOps strategy blunders, poor planning — all these factors might be the biggest obstacles in the DevOps transformation. What are the pitfalls companies often step in while implementing DevOps and how to avoid them? But first, let’s briefly look at what DevOps is all about and how it can boost product delivery.
DevOps and its main advantages
As the name suggests, DevOps stands for development and operations. The main goal of this methodology is to integrate development, quality assurance, and operations in a single, uninterrupted process. What are the advantages of DevOps for business? Here are three ways how it can improve deployment.
Better quality of product releases. DevOps accelerates product release by launching continuous delivery, bringing faster feedback, and helping developers fix bugs at the very beginning.
Faster response to evolving customer needs. The customer is always right, and DevOps allows developers to work with requirements and requests faster, adding or improving existing features. Thus, the time-to-market and value-delivery rates increase.
More comfortable working environment. Adopting DevOps principles results in more effective and productive communication, and a better working environment overall.
With many valuable benefits of DevOps, its actual implementation remains challenging for business. There’s no one-size-fits-all approach to adopting DevOps and some organizations find themselves in a desperate situation after spending thousands of dollars on DevOps with no significant improvements. What are the common traps companies fall into while introducing DevOps in their workflows?
DevOps implementation mistakes your IT business should learn from
Mistake #1. Oh, my big plan
Successful innovators ‘think big but start small,’ but speaking of implementing DevOps, many organizations end up in the opposite situation. They start big and try to adopt the new approach everywhere. However, large-scale projects are usually more time-consuming and challenging to tackle, resulting in delays and disappointment. Creating a dedicated DevOps department in the organization is also not a matter of one day. It costs thousands of dollars and takes months to find and hire DevOps specialists. DevOps engineers are the most in-demand job title in 2021, according to the DevOps Institute. Last but not least, big changes on the organizational level can lead to tensions and resistance inside the team.
Actually, starting small with DevOps can be the best. When commencing your DevOps transformation, it’s wise to start with small-scale projects, check how it works for a small team, generate tangible benefits to demonstrate them to the whole business, and then scale up. However, the scope of your first project shouldn’t be too small, as in this case, the success might look unconvincing. Outsourcing DevOps is also a great solution, as it helps to fix all the problems and implement DevOps fast and without spending money on recruiting.
Mistake #2. Hmm, what does DevOps mean?
According to Gartner, 75% of DevOps plans in 2022 will fail to meet expectations due to a lack of leadership and organizational change. George Spafford, Senior Director Analyst in Gartner says: “Organizational learning and change are key to allowing DevOps to flourish. In other words, people-related factors tend to be the greatest challenges — not technology.” What does it mean for business? DevOps has become somewhat a buzzword in recent years, so every organization wants to have it without understanding its real objectives and principles. Companies often overlook the importance of organizational changes and focus rather on DevOps tools than the staff. However, technologies don’t work without people and can’t replace the human touch. Any ambitious DevOps initiative will fail if employees aren’t ready for upcoming transformation, or don’t have time and resources to adjust.
While introducing DevOps into business practices is a long walk, every stage of this venture needs to be well-prepared. Both employees and customers should understand what the term ‘DevOps’ means and the value it will produce before the changes happen. Training programs should involve not only core team players but the whole team to ensure that everyone is ready for the transformation. Moreover, organizations should prioritize business value, not DevOps tools. To avoid all these time-consuming processes, consider DevOps as a service. While most companies don’t have time to play long, DevOps services from experienced professionals are the best option.
Mistake #3. Let’s buy DevOps tools
There are many cool tools and opportunities in DevOps that potentially can improve the performance of your team. For example, containers like Docker and Kubernetes have become quite popular in the DevOps community. According to a report from IBM, organizations that use containers experience real benefits across industries and geographies. 78% of respondents notice improved application quality and reduced defects, 73% — reduced application downtime, and 74% — higher customer satisfaction. Sounds impressive, so maybe your company needs to implement containers ASAP? Don’t make hasty decisions! All tools should be not only bought but also adopted and used by your team. Sometimes organizations spend money on the best DevOps on new technologies but just fail to make them work.
Developing the right DevOps tool kit can be extremely hard for organizations just starting their DevOps journey.
Here are a few questions to consider while choosing DevOps tools that will benefit your business:
is your team ready to implement this tool right now?
how will it change the way you work?
do you really need that tool?
The more complex the tool is, and the more the new toolchain changes the working process, the more time and effort the organization needs to adopt it. Another important thing to keep in mind — most tools severely complicate workflows and deployment. Sometimes, the better option is looking for simpler ways to solve the problem. Just because there is a promising DevOps tool, it doesn’t mean you need to purchase it.
If you’re overwhelmed by all the DevOps tools and don’t know which solutions are the best fit for your organization, then you might want to consider partnering with an experienced DevOps team. That’s where Profisea comes in. We can help on every stage of DevOps implementation by selecting the best DevOps tools that meet your unique business requirements and ensuring transparency, collaboration, and cross-functionality of your teams.
Mistake #4. DevOps can’t be measured
Things can be done only when they can be measured. DevOps isn’t an exception, so implementing DevOps without considering crucial metrics is doomed to failure. Without accurate analysis, you won’t be able to identify whether your DevOps strategy works for you or there are some aspects that should be revised and changed. In other words, it’s a huge mistake when the organization decides to adopt DevOps but doesn’t pay enough attention to metrics.
Some of the critical metrics that should be utilized while assessing DevOps initiatives are deployment frequency, change lead time, and mean time to recovery (MTTR). Deployment frequency is one of the core criteria. It shows how fast code can pass through the organization and result in production. Using this indicator helps to evaluate how often your team is able to generate value and get information from customers. Change lead time indicates the lead time for code changes from the beginning of the cycle to the moment it is released. Deployment frequency and change lead time help to evaluate the overall efficiency of the development team.
Mean time to recovery (MTTR) is a metric that shows the average time the team needs to restore service, component, or system after an outage. Actually, one of the goals of DevOps is to reduce this time. If you see that MTTR only increases as the result of the DevOps implementation, this means that something is wrong with your DevOps strategy.
Mistake #5. Leave DevOps to IT department
The term ‘DevOps’ means the combination of Development and Operations, but it’s a huge mistake to think that the ‘Ops’ stands only for IT operations. While DevOps initiatives usually come from IT departments, and their members become agents of change, the DevOps transformation shouldn’t end there. Actually, this isn’t for continuous delivery only. DevOps triggers changes in company culture by enhancing communication and collaboration between different departments as well as improving product delivery.
While starting your DevOps project, it’s essential to initiate changes at higher levels in the company. This strategy will help to break down the silos in the organization and cover all the steps in the value chain. If not doing this, DevOps can lead to suboptimization when the IT department will work on its own, and their improvements come out of alignment with the rest of the company. With our DevOps services, you get exactly what you need without overloading your IT department.
Mistake #6. Security? No, never heard about it
Cost of a Data Breach Report 2020 by IBM shows the shocking numbers — $3.86 million is the global average cost of a data breach and the average time to identify and contain a breach is 280 days. Moreover, only 16% of executives are convinced that their organizations are well-prepared to deal with cyber risk, according to McKinsey&Company. When it comes to integrating DevOps into business, security is a crucial aspect as even a small security vulnerability can result in catastrophic consequences. Therefore, managing security risks should never be left until the last minute.
Security priorities should be defined in the first stages of DevOps implementation to avoid obstructing the product delivery with numerous changes and patches. DevSecOps is a good option too.
DevSecOps incorporates security and compliance testing into all stages of the DevOps lifecycle with big attention to processes, not just an approval gate before the product release.
Mistake #7. That sweet word ‘automation’
While many recommendations state that automation is a key to success and DevOps automation really has numerous benefits, it’s better to take this idea with a pinch of salt. The huge disadvantage of automation is that there is a necessity to maintain it, making the system more complex offering your automation capability. It can make your DevOps project too complicated during the first steps of implementation. For example, full unit test coverage of all code can make maintenance a super difficult task.
It’s a smart idea to use automation gradually, considering high potential opportunities to automate different aspects of development. To use the full potential of automation, you need to start with CI/CD, then move to get QA in place. The final move is to assure that feedback continuously gets into the development pipeline to improve production.
Mistake #8. Our current documentation practices are the best
New approaches to development and operations require organizations to change their patterns of documentation writing. While traditional documentation practices might be something that your team is proud of, adopting DevOps won’t be successful without rethinking your content strategy and breaking down silos between the DevOp specialists and technical writers. With accelerating development and deployment, developers need accurate and up-to-date documentation from the earliest stages of a project, which is impossible without integrating writers into DevOps teams and helping them to adjust to the DevOps reality.
Along with adopting CI/CD, it’s time to consider Continuous Documentation. Applying Continuous Documentation is able to reduce the gap between the codebase and code-specific knowledge, keeping all processes in sync. What are the main principles of Continuous Documentation? Documentation must be always up to date to match the current state of the codebase, created on a regular basis, and when it makes sense (for example, after a crucial bug has been fixed) and code-coupled to reference important parts of the code. As a result, this methodology of writing technical documentation allows to accelerate the inner development loop and improve agility in dev teams.
DevOps: mission impossible?
Whether you’re planning to start your DevOps journey or have already begun the implementation process, taking heed of the above considerations will help you reduce the chance of making painful DevOps mistakes and significantly increase the likelihood of project success. To make things easier, contact us and we’ll help you integrate DevOps into your workflows in a few simple steps and without any mistakes. Our experienced DevOps team carefully assesses your business needs, current development, and operation team structure and processes to suggest the best DevOps strategy for your business.
Don’t make these DevOps mistakes and build your winning DevOps strategy!
Avoid these mistakes during DevOps implementation to save your time, money and boost your business.
Profisea’s experts are eager to share fresh DevOps news and updates including the latest tools, methodologies, guides, tips, and recommendations with DevOps engineers, ambitious developers, system administrators, IT leaders who deal with challenging DevOps projects daily. Ready to taste the DevOps World’s September-October updates, except for Windows 11 release, and other goodies? Follow us then!
Introducing Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform 2
The Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform product team is thrilled to present Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform 2, which was just announced at AnsibleFest 2021. The Platform 2 focus was on enhancing the core components of the Ansible Automation Platform and empowering Automators with simpler and more flexible enterprise-wide automation. This means that everything you know about writing Ansible Playbooks has largely remained unchanged, but a basic implementation of how automation is developed, managed, and operated in large complex environments is evolving. Ultimately, enterprise automation platforms must be designed, packaged, and supported with a native container and hybrid cloud environments in mind. More details are in this article and here is an interactive guide for you to learn about the features of Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform 2, based on 4 different automation roles: architect, administrator, creator, and operator.
Presenting The DevOps Handbook Second Edition
Over the past five years, The DevOps Handbook has been a definitive guide to leveraging the achievements of the bestselling The Phoenix Project and applying them to any organization. Now, with this completely revamped and enhanced version, it’s time to take DevOps out of the IT department and apply it to your entire business. Contributors Jean Kim, Jez Humble, Patrick Debois, and John Willis have created a guide to start transforming DevOps in any industry. Since its first publication in 2016, over 250,000 copies have been sold.
This completely revamped and the amplified second edition includes:
new foreword and research by Nicole Forsgren, PhD
the afterwards of all five coauthors have been updated
15 new case studies including Fannie Mae, Adidas, American Airlines, USAF, and more
new resource sections at the end of each part
more than 100 pages of new or updated content in total
completely redesigned interior.
Announcing 2021 Accelerate State of DevOps Report
Google Cloud’s DevOps Research and Assessment (DORA) team announced their 2021 Accelerate State of DevOps Report that illustrates superiority in software delivery and operational performance determines the effectiveness of technology transformation in an organization. This year, they also explored the impact of SRE best practices, secure software supply chain, quality documentation, and multicloud — all with a deeper understanding of how the past year has impacted culture and burnout.
Proposing Top Stories From The Microsoft DevOps Community
Jay Gordon, Cloud Advocate, is focused on helping Developers and Ops teams get the most out of their cloud experience with Microsoft Azure. Every week, Jay tries to bring the latest updates from around the DevOps to the Azure community. This includes any community events, videos community members post. You can reach out to Jay on Twitter or LinkedIn to share your latest post with the community. In this issue Damien Aicheh shares how to reduce duplication when creating GitHub Actions workflows; Vinicius Moura comes with a script to list all of your Service Hooks within the Azure DevOps organization; Cameron McKenzie describes what a git merge conflict is and how to resolve issues that may arise; John Savill covers monitoring and feedback, and many other helpful DevOps related tips.
How to Apply An Agile Mindset To Organizational Agility
One of the most important Agile books since The Phoenix Project is Jonathan Smart’s Sooner Safer Happier, Antipatterns and Patterns for Business Agility, according to Charles Betz, Principal Analyst & Forrester Research. The bestseller has won the Bronze Medal in Leadership from the 2021 Axiom Business Book Awards. And here we present the extract from this prominent book pointing out that the one-size-fits-all approach does not optimize results for infinite unique contexts in organized human endeavor, just discover your unique VOICE and learn to use it instead. An alternative to imposing one set of prescriptive practices in an organization without considering multiple unique contexts is to apply agile thinking to organizational agility recognizing that you have a unique VOICE: values and principles, results and purpose, intentional leadership, coaching, support, and experimentation.
Comparing 5 Open-Source APM Tools
With new apps emerging, you will need an APM tool to help you strategically approach service performance. This approach can help you ensure that mission-critical applications meet your established expectations for performance, availability, and customer or end-user experience. Bearing in mind the number of open-source APM tools available, it becomes necessary to find the most suitable one for your project. In this article, the Project Engineer at Wipro Limited took a look at five APM tools comparing the ones offering an open-source alternative to some of the proprietary tools on the market. Which APM tool is best for your project depends on various parameters such as ease of installation, the flexibility offered, support for industry security standards, support for alerts, supported databases, whether you need cloud monitoring, and the type of application you are using. One way or another, open-source APM tools are a good start to building reliable software products.
How To Use Finalizers To Control Deletion Of Kubernetes Objects
You might be surprised to learn that deleting objects on Kubernetes is quite a challenging issue. Realizing that deleted objects still exist will not do you any good. While running kubectl delete and hoping for the best, understanding how Kubernetes delete commands work will help you understand why some objects remain after deletion. In this article, Aaron Alpar, Member Of Technical Staff at Kasten covered: which resource properties control the deletion; how finalizers and owner references affect object deletion; how you can use a distribution policy to change the order of deletions, and how deletion works giving examples using ConfigMaps to demonstrate the process.
Bestowing Kubernetes Instance Calculator
Which instances to use in a Kubernetes cluster? It depends. You should consider what workloads you are deploying, what explosion radius you can tolerate, how you design your high availability strategy, how many resources are available for pods, and other factors. Kubernetes instance calculator helps you select what’s right from over 700 instances from the major cloud providers because the calculator consolidates all of the settings for Azure, Google Cloud Platform, and Amazon Web Services so that you can explore the resources available to your pods. You can use the calculator to explore the best instance types for your cluster based on your workloads.
How Snyk Extended Snyk Code To Drive DevSecOps Adoption
What is DevOps fourth wave?
Sid Sijbrandi, co-founder and CEO of GitLab, discusses the future development of DevOps tools in this article. Sid offers 4 stages of this development:
Siloed DevOps. The development of DevOps tools here would be for narrow tasks, without synchronization with each other
Fragmented DevOps. At this stage, the preferred tool is selected for each stage of the DevOps lifecycle. But here, too, each stage turned out to be isolated.
DIY DevOps. This is the phase of creating your customized toolbox from the existing set of solutions on the market. But then companies came up with the problem of supporting complex workflows, which slows down the development process.
Platform DevOps. At this stage, a single tool is created that includes all stages of the DevOps lifecycle and brings together the development, operations, and security teams.
Also in the article, Sid Cybranday points out three points that will be relevant in the development of DevOps in the future: platform solutions addressing security problems, applying machine learning to solving DevOps problems, and adoption of the DevOps platform will definitely accelerate.
Wrapping things up
Profisea’s digest is all about the latest updates to make sure people who are fond of DevOps catch up with brand-new and helpful info from the DevOps world. Tell us what was good to learn and what you want to hear in the next issue. We are busy preparing new valuable stuff for you. And if you are interested in DevOps as a service or have any DevOps-related or Cloud-related issues contact us for a consultation.
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